The Different Types of Gluten-Free Bread and Flours Explained

For those of us who suffer from gluten intolerance being able to eat gluten-free bread is a lifesaver. Fortunately, there are lots of different types of gluten-breads out there.

So many in fact that working out which is the best for you can be a time-consuming and costly process.

I personally tried nearly 30 different types and brand combinations before I found one that had a taste and texture that I liked. A fact that has inspired me to write this article.

In it I explain :

  • What the different types of gluten-free bread are
  • How to choose the right type for your lifestyle

Provide links to resources you can use to buy the best gluten-free bread in your area

What types of bread are gluten free?

For centuries, across the world, bread has been made using gluten-rich grains such as wheat or rye. Meaning that people suffering from gluten intolerance or celiac disease have had to eliminate bread from their diet.

However, since the 1920s, gluten-free versions of wheat and rye flour have been available. And flours made from non-gluten grains such as rice, quinoa and corn has become more readily available. Today, there are dozens of different types of bread that are made using gluten-free flour.

There are many different types of gluten-free bread available. Including loaves or rolls that are made from naturally gluten-free grains like corn, quinoa, rice, tapioca and others. It is also possible to buy bread made from wheat or rye that has been treated to become very low in gluten.

What grains and flours are naturally gluten-free?

The list of flours that are naturally gluten-free and are suitable for making bread with is a long one. Most of the gluten-free flours that you can buy in the shops are made from one or more of the following grains or foodstuffs :

  • Acorn flour
  • Almond flour
  • Amaranth or amaranth flour
  • Apple flour
  • Banana flour (plantain flour)
  • Bean flour
  • Buckwheat (if mixed with other flours)
  • Cassava aka Tapioca flour
  • Chestnut bread flour
  • Chickpea flour – (aka gram, garbanzo or besan)
  • Chuño – a form of potato flour
  • Coconut flour
  • Coffee bean flour
  • Coffee cherry flour
  • Cornmeal is very similar to corn flour (see above) except in a coarser grind.
  • Corn starch
  • Hazelnut flour
  • Hemp flour – mixed with other flours
  • Maiz – aka corn flour
  • Mesquite flour
  • Nut flours – used alongside other flours
  • Peasemeal flour
  • Peanut flour
  • Potato starch – as an additive
  • Potato flour – different from potato starch
  • Rice flour – brown or white
  • Sorghum
  • Sticky rice flour – made from glutinous rice
  • Tapioca bread flour
  • Teff grain flour

You can learn more about what bread tastes like when it is made from one or more of the above flours. Just click through to my gluten-free bread comparisson page. Then follow the links you will find there to an article for each type of flour, that explains the pros and cons of each type of gluten-free bread.

There you will find out whether peanut flour bread makes good toast and compare your options side-by-side.

Gluten free baking – which flour is right?

If you like baking and would like to try making your own bread, cakes, pastries, pancakes, doughnuts, crumpets, bagels, wraps and more take a look at our baking guide.

We have listed out each flour, what it can be used for, the best way to keep it fresh and where you can buy each of those gluten-free flours near you.

Read the ingredients list

That is a pretty long list. But you need to be a bit careful when buying gluten-free bread. The fact that the loaf you have picked up is labelled as being made from one of the above flours does not mean that it is completely gluten-free.

When you read the ingredients list there is a chance that you will discover that some non-gluten-free ingredients have been used. You also need to be aware that some products are low in gluten rather than completely gluten-free.

Are all gluten-free breads the same?

All gluten-free bread are not the same. The type of loaf that of the above flours produces varies considerably. Some are barely distinguishable from a loaf made using wheat or rye. While others are more like cakes than anything else.

To find out more about the different types of gluten-free bread click the link and look at the info table I have produced for you.

There you can see at a glance what the texture is like, what it tastes like and what you can use it for e.g. whether it is good for toast and sandwiches or is so much like cake that it would be better eaten with a cup of coffee or tea.

As well as a ton of other useful information. Including where you can buy each type of gluten-free bread near you.

What is gluten-free bread good for?

Provided you buy the right type you can make the same things using gluten-free bread as you would if you were using bread made using traditional wheat or rye flour. You can make toast, sandwiches, breadcrumbs and bread pudding with gluten-free bread.

The trick is to buy a good quality brand. One that will not dry out quickly and is not full of holes. The best brands make their loaves in a way that enables them to be eaten fresh for a week. Or be frozen and eaten slice by slice over the course of a couple of months.

You may also find this Hawaiian gluten-free bread article to be of interest.

If you are looking for an egg-free gluten-free bread try one that is made using vegetables. Click the link to get taken to two of my favourites.

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